Key aspects of the Bachillerato in Spanish schools | BSS

In Spain, the Bachillerato (or Spanish Baccalaureate) is the last stage of the schooling process and lasts for two academic years. During this period, youngsters complete demanding training and develop their intellectual and human intelligence. In addition, they work on social functions, abilities, and skills to take on the challenges they will face throughout their lives.

Students that have successfully completed compulsory secondary education (known as ESO in Spain) can take the Bachillerato, as well as students from other countries that validate their qualifications. After this period, a whole host of opportunities are available to students.

What do students gain from the Bachillerato?

During the Bachillerato, students acquire skills, knowledge and abilities that allow them to develop and mature professionally, personally and socially.

The aim of the centres belonging to the Best Schools in Spain network is to help educate responsible citizens that are capable of thinking and acting critically and sensibly. Many of the schools in our network also offer the option of completing the International Baccalaureate (IB).


  • Voluntary educational stage.
  • Academic itineraries by speciality.
  • Motivation to enjoy learning.
  • A leading role in learning.
  • Personal goals.
  • Supportive teachers.
  • Emotional care.
  • Autonomy and individual and collective responsibility.

How do we do it?

  • It lasts for two years: 1º and 2º of Bachillerato.
  • Timetable: generally from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m.
  • By awakening students’ curiosity and motivation to learn.
  • By giving students the tools they need for life: empathy, dialogue and assertiveness.
  • By supporting autonomous learning processes.
  • By supporting students academically and emotionally.
  • By developing a critical and sensible spirit.
  • By creating a commitment between students and their teaching-learning process.
  • Structured in the following itineraries:
    • Scientific-Technological
    • Technological
    • Health Sciences
    • Social Sciences
    • Arts


  • Internal assessment structure.
  • We use active teaching methods such as cooperative and collaborative work, enquiry-based learning, etc. The project method is particularly important.
  • A framework in which the teacher acts as a guide that supports students throughout their learning process.
  • We give space to students’ voices thanks to a participatory structure.
  • We educate from a standpoint of inclusion, positively valuing diversity.

What are Bachillerato students like?

  • Motivated to learn.
  • Responsible for their learning.
  • Interested in continuing their studies.
  • Enthusiastic to get involved in an innovative educational project and participate in interdisciplinary projects and activities.

What are tutorials like in the Bachillerato?

They are based on:

  • Getting to know all students on an individual basis.
  • Talking with tutees regularly, at any point during the school day either individually or in a group.
  • Supporting and working alongside the group’s guidance counsellor.
  • Building a close and trusting relationship with all members of the educational community.

What is guidance like in the Bachillerato?

The guidance counsellor looks out for the overall wellbeing of the educational community: families, teachers and non-teaching staff as well as students.

A Bachillerato guidance counsellor:

  • Supports students to help them achieve their learning objectives, adapted to their interests and needs.
  • Provides personalised advice to students and supports them when making decisions.
  • Facilitates student participation processes.

Most important actions in the Bachillerato

  • Events and activities with peers.
  • Conflict resolution.
  • Psychological support during adolescence.
  • Professional and academic guidance.
  • Healthy habits.
  • Society and consumption.
  • Self-control in the use of social media.

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